The thyroid gland is one of the most important organs in the body. It is located just below the front larynx of the neck. The thyroid is a part of the body that belongs to the endocrine system. This gland secretes two main types of hormones. The hormone calcitonin produced from it lowers the level of calcium in the blood and the hormone thyroxine regulates the metabolic rate in the body. However, this gland is more prone to various disorders and dysfunctions.
Excessive hormone production can lead to hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism. There are several early signs that your thyroid gland may not be functioning properly. If you have any of the following symptoms that indicate that the thyroid gland is not functioning properly, do not look any further and see a doctor immediately.
It is a condition in which the gland does not secrete enough thyroid hormone. Iodine deficiency is one of the major causes for this. This condition is more common in women than men. Women over the age of 60 are at particularly high risk of developing this condition. The following are some of the symptoms that can be observed in the body when this condition occurs.
Hormones produced by the thyroid gland control the way our body uses energy. However, when the product is not adequate, the person may experience a feeling of stress, lethargy and lack of interest.
- Voice change may occur
The thyroid gland and the larynx are closely related. Therefore, every dysfunction of that gland affects the larynx, causing changes in the natural tone.
- Increased skin tightness and thinning of the eyebrows
Hypothyroidism is caused by calcification. As a result, the skin can become rough, dry and scaly. Also, the eyebrows may become thinner. This can be identified as a primary symptom.
- Pain in muscles and joints
Water and salt retention are common symptoms of this condition. As a result, pain and soreness in the muscles and joints begin to occur. This type of pain occurs especially in the ankle area and the soles of the feet and the pain increases as the body becomes more active.
- Impaired hearing
Although the cause is not clear, research shows that there is a direct link between thyroid gland dysfunction and hearing loss.
- Decreased sexual desire
Dehydration causes the metabolism to slow down. There, the reproductive organs also slow down. As a result, sex hormone production is reduced.
It is a condition in which the body begins to secrete too much thyroid hormone. Causes include graves’ disease, multinodular goiter, adenoma, inflammation of the thyroid gland, and high levels of iodine in the diet. Women are 10 times more likely to get it than men.
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism are as follows
- Increased appetite
The more thyroid hormones you secrete, the more you feel hungry. If you have recently had a high appetite or a strong appetite, it may not be a sign of hyperthyroidism. No matter how much you take, weight gain will not happen because the body’s metabolic rate has increased rapidly.
- Frequent urination
Rapid metabolism is a cause of increased blood flow. In this case, the filtration of urine by the kidneys is increased and the volume of urine collected is higher.
- Excessive thirst
Hyperthyroidism is caused by excessive urination and the body’s need for water begins to increase. As a result, you tend to drink too much water.
- Hand trembling
When the hand is held in the same position for a long time, the hand feels slightly trembling. However, hyperthyroidism speeds up metabolism, which in turn speeds up the body’s activity. There, the time it takes for the hands to start shaking decreases. There is a clear tremor in the hands and lower arms.
- Increased sexual desire
Excessive sexual desire can occur in a person with hyperthyroidism due to rapid metabolism.
- Eat a healthy balanced diet rich in vegetables, fruits, grains and protein. Have a few small meals throughout the day to retain energy. Weight gain is a hallmark of dementia. Therefore, weight gain can be controlled by eating a healthy diet.
- Be active in everyday life. Exercise. It builds strength and relieves stress. This is especially important for people with dementia.
- Practice meditation and yoga. It can help reduce the effects of depression, such as laziness and depression.
- Go to bed early at night. Symptoms of hypothyroidism include low energy and lethargy. So give your body a good night’s sleep.
- People with hyperthyroidism should avoid taking iodine. Also, avoid dairy products and other dairy products (ice cream, cheese, yogurt, butter) and seafood (fish, oysters, kelp and seafood).
- Follow the meditation techniques. Excessive secretion of thyroid hormones can lead to overstimulation of the brain and even anxiety. Therefore, meditation techniques can be very useful to control anxiety.
- Drink plenty of water. Hyperthyroidism causes more water to be excreted in the urine. If your body is dehydrated, you need to drink enough water to stay hydrated.